Rabu, Januari 20, 2010
टूरिस्म एंड एन्विरोंमेंट इन Bali
Bali is a popular international tourist destination, the demand by domestic tourists and foreign tourists (international). In Bali itself there are many tourist areas and attractions that have been known since ancient times (eg: Sanur, Kuta, Ubud, Tanah Lot, Pura Besakih, Tampak Siring etc.) as well as area and new attractions developed these past decades (for example: tourism area Nusa Dua, Jimbaran, Jati Luwih, Yeh panes, etc.). The more attractive the tourist island of Bali, which is reflected by the number of tourist visits tends to increase from year to year, as well as the number of hotel rooms and also the number of restaurants grew, it This indicates that the island of Bali increasingly 'exploits were' for tourism activities. One thing that can not be lost in reality is the concept of 'rwa-bineda', 'jele-melah', 'good-bad'. This concept also applies to the world of tourism on the island of Bali. Both sides provided by tourism activities on the island of Bali, was clearly shared by all people of Bali, for example: Increased community living standards, rapid development, Cultural Exchange, The decline of unemployment. Both sides not contributed by tourism activities nor of course was inevitable, such as environmental pollution (air, plastic waste, water, soil, sound), lunturnya noble values ancestral cultural heritage (commodification of culture, loss of'bali 'the people bali) and the emergence of social problems (gambling, liquor, prostitution, etc.) Of particular interest in order to maintain ke'ajegan' Bali, of course, is the negative impact caused by tourism activities. By observing and observe phenomena that arise, it would appear concerned about the destruction of this beloved island of Bali, if the damage incurred is not immediately addressed. This paper aims to examine the negative issues arising from tourism activities. To be able to represent, then these issues are classified into five categories of issues, namely: (i) environmental issues, (ii) cultural issues, (iii) social issues, (iv) health issues and (v) the issue of traffic congestion. All these issues are observed in the three tourist attractions, namely the tourist (i) Kuta, (ii) Bedugul, including lakes Buyan, Tamblingan Bratan and lakes, and (iii) Sanur.
1. Kuta Kuta is a tourist attraction that has been known since ancient times (from the 60s). Kuta beach is beautiful and very close access to the Ngurah Rai international airport, making it as a 'tourist village'. Kuta in Badung Regency, as a contributor to local revenue from major tourism activities. The positive impact of tourism in Kuta had no longer be denied. The establishment of hotels, restaurants, art markets, currency exchange, entertainment tonight, no doubt raise the economic status of indigenous kuta. If the first of about 80 years the population live from Kuta most marine sector (fishermen) and livestock with a minimal income, Kuta is now natives most not have to work hard. With the capital of the estate is well managed, the native land kuta mostly manages to shops, boarding houses, hotels and business activities related to tourism. The negative impact of tourism in Kuta reflected on the issues that arise, the author comes from observations on tourism object kuta, namely: a. Environmental Issues Aberration coast (along the beach kuta), this is thought to cause global warming, this condition does not just happen at Kuta Beach, but also the entire beach in Bali. Waste plastic (along the sidewalks and gutters), it is believed the cause was kuta less disciplined society, as well as tourists in a plastic trash, also has not realized producers to reduce use of plastic packaging and replace it with other materials more environmentally friendly flood, caused by lack of discipline in the trash society, there is garbage to drains / gutters. Another suspected cause is a lack of drainage system either. B. Cultural issues Reduced Balinese sacred ceremonies (especially along the beach kuta). At Melasti ceremony, many tourists who witnessed the ceremony using a bikini, this is certainly a stark contrast with the community so preoccupied bali ceremony. C. Social Issues Prostitution, a biological needs that violate religious norms and morals. Transactions are often done in the entertainment center that night, the hotels along the road even legian. Drug Free sex d. Health Issues Flu Dengue fever Pig (international gateway) e. Traffic issues on working hours ceremony
2. Bedugul Bedugul Bali, is one tourist attraction in Bali are also options. This tourism object is located in Tabanan district and famous for its lake and restaurant. Bedugul temperature much cooler than other resorts in Bali, with a temperature of approximately 18 drajat Celsius, would provide its own ambience during a holiday in Bali. Bali tourism is similar to that offered in Kintamani. Bedugul is famous for the beauty of the lake Tamblingan and beauty can be enjoyed by renting a boat or a boat to get around the lake. This tourism object is also a stopover to visit other tourist attractions such as Tanah Lot, Sangeh, Taman Ayun and other attractions.
a. Environmental Issues Pendangkalan Lake, this is thought to cause the illegal logging, land funsi changes around the lake and hills, on initinya pendangkalan caused by berkurangya trees and hills around the lake, so the decrease in water absorption (bio-pores) of plastic waste (along the sidewalks and gutters ), it is believed the cause was lack of discipline masyarakbedugulat, also tourists in plastic trash, also has not realized producers to reduce use of plastic packaging and replace it with other materials more environmentally friendly water Kekuarangan, allegedly due to lack of surrounding hills and pepehonan lake due to illegal logging and land use change in b. Acculturation and Cultural Issues of culture, shifting the composition of the population which at present is the trend that occurred outside the Balinese population more and more came to make a living. During a synergy will not go wrong. Instead Balinese culture will be eroded if the future more and more land was sold to new settlers. c. Social Issues Based on observation, in Bedugul potential social problems that arise are prostitution, given the nature Bedugul quiet and comfortable, away from the crowd. This condition increases during low season, ie during a period of holiday (Monday to Thursday) and the months March, April, October november. Low occupancy rate tends to make the managers of hotels and inns less selective in accepting guests. d. Dengue fever health issues e. Traffic Issues On holidays (Saturday and Sunday) 3 ceremony. Denpasar and Sanur, Denpasar Bali, is one tourist attraction in Bali are also options. As the capital of the province and municipalities as well, Denpasar offers a few worthy tourist attractions that you visit including the Museum of Bali, Art Center, Sanur and other interesting tourist attraction. Art Center is used as a place of cultural performances and crafts people of Bali. Each year at this place the party held art Bali (PKB) which began in mid-June until mid-July. Arts and handicrafts from various districts in the island of the gods held a course interesting visit local and foreign tourists who were vacationing in Bali. Meanwhile, Sanur beach is also a favorite place in Bali. Bali tourism development originally built here by the hotel Inna Grand Bali Beach. Sanur beach itself offers a comfortable atmosphere and the soothing sunrise eyes of visitors. a. Environmental Issues Aberration coast (along the beach sanur), this is thought to cause global warming, this condition does not just happen in sanur beach, but also the entire beach in Bali. Plastic garbage (along the sidewalks and gutters), it is believed the cause was lack of public discipline sanur, also tourists in plastic trash, also has not realized producers to reduce use of plastic packaging and replace it with other materials more environmentally friendly flood, due to lack of discipline in the trash society, there are garbage into the gutter / ditch. Another suspected cause is a lack of drainage system either. b. Cultural issues Reduced Balinese sacred ceremonies (especially along the beach kuta). At Melasti ceremony, many tourists who witnessed the ceremony using a bikini, this is certainly a stark contrast with the community so preoccupied bali ceremony. c. Social Issues Prostitution, a biological needs that violate religious norms and morals. Transactions are often done in the entertainment center that night, the hotels, especially in areas semawang-sanur. Drug Free sex d. Health Issues Flu Dengue fever Pig (international gateway) e. Traffic issues on working hours ceremony